lesser kudu facts
The greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) is a woodland antelope found throughout eastern and southern Africa.Despite occupying such widespread territory, they are sparsely populated in most areas due to declining habitat, deforestation, and poaching. These species have almost similar features, except their sizes as lesser kudus are smaller than greater kudus. Males have a prominent black crest of hair on the neck. Facts Summary: The Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda. The underparts are completely white, while the slender legs are tawny and have black and white patches. One long white stripe runs along the back, with 11-14 white stripes branching towards the sides. Currently he measures 0.9m (3ft) tall and weighs 6.4kg (14lbs). However, males actually mate after the age of 4 to 5 years. Lesser Kudu. They browse on a wide variety of forbs, bushes and trees. Females and young have a bright rufous coat, which darkens to slate-gray in males. We are not announcing a reopening date at this time and will provide updates on our websites and social media. Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute 3001 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008, PO Box 37012 Habitat The Lesser Kudu is primarily nocturnal and they inhabit dry, flat, and densely thicketed areas as well as woodlands and hilly … Young lesser kudu, Tragelaphus imberbis, an east African forest … As a public health precaution due to COVID-19, all Smithsonian museums will temporarily close. A Kudu Image courtesy of ale_speciale/Flickr. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Lesser kudu is around 118,000 individuals. The greatest threat to lesser kudu is the outbreak of rinderpest transmitted by contact with cattle that occurred in the eastern regions of Kenya in the mid-1990s. Facts About Kudu. Despite emerging the victor, the male will never show aggression toward the female during the process. Greater Kudu facts. This species has a white stripe running down its back with 11 to 14 stripes coming off it and down the animal's side. Hunting is also a factor in the conservation of lesser kudu, but the shyness of the species often keeps it protected in the forest and safe from human hunting. Mature males and females are easy to tell apart. Appearance. Contests continue between males and females, where both lesser kudu will stand on hind legs and attempt to push each other over, with the male normally winning. Rifle choice is anything in the .270-.300 range. Lesser kudu are gregarious in nature. A kudu has a brown-grey coloured coat that has a number of thin, light coloured stripes on it, and the ‘lesser’ species can run at speeds of 95 km/hour (60 miles/hour). They are sexually dimorphic (sexes have different characteristics) with the males having a grey … The kudu prefers dense bush on the foothills of mountain regions. Currently, with the eradication of the rinderpest virus, the future for lesser kudu looks more promising. They are very fast and stealthy. Did you love what you learned about this animal? The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore have welcomed a lesser kudu calf. Lesser kudu are shy and wary animals; they do not usually associate with other animals, except when they feed in the same area. Challenges proceed among guys and females, where both lesser kudu will remain on rear legs and endeavor to push each other over, with the male typically winning. The young have the same … Washington, DC 20013. They browse on foliage from bushes and trees (shoots, twigs) and herbs. As with many animals, an increase in human development also affects lesser kudu due to habitat being lost to farmland and human encroachment. The gestational period lasts around 7-8 months, after which a single calf is born. As the thinnest tragelaphine… As most eland and kudu live in areas with thick vegetation, they form small herds. Here are a few fascinating facts and general information about the beautiful antelope. Kudu are a type of African antelope that are found all over Africa, depending on the variety.There are two varieties of Kudu. Tragelaphus imberbis. The Lesser Kudu … Cheetah Conservation Station is home to three lesser kudus — an adult male named Garrett, a juvenile male named Kushukuru, and and adult female named Rogue. Rinderpest was a relative of the measles virus, and had the potential to kill up to 95 percent of herds that encountered it. Lesser kudu turned out to be sexually active around 15 to a year and a half of age while guys are expected to mate around age four or five. Lesser kudu travel in impressive, bounding leaps, covering up to 30 feet (9 meters) at a time and reaching recorded heights exceeding 6.5 feet (2 meters). They can also reach speeds of around 62 mph (100 km/h). Lesser kudu are fantastic athletes as they are able to jump distances of more than 9 m (30 ft), and more than 2.5 m (8.2 ft) high. A female about to give birth leaves her group and remains alone for some days afterward. Greaters have a wider range, but different subspecies live in different regions.Their populations run from the border of South Africa to Angola, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia. Adopt a red panda to give the perfect gift to the animal lover in your life — even if that animal lover is you! The greater kudu has a reputation for being both curious and highly alert. Lifespan for lesser kudu is 10 to 15 years in the wild, and up to 20 years in human care. They are a brown-grey color with white stripes that go down the center of their body. Leaps of up to 2 meters / 6.6 feet have been recorded, though these … In the Kruger national park Kudus eat 148 species of plants. The greater kudu is one of two species commonly known as kudu, the other being the lesser kudu… Currently, this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing. Offspring weigh 9 to 16.5 pounds (4 to 7.5 kilograms) and have a 50 percent mortality rate by six months of age; around the same time, calves are weaned from their mothers. The lesser kudu is shy and wary, and when startled flees with the tail held up, revealing the white underside. You'll learn even more and share the importance of saving species with classmates and teachers, too. Lesser Kudu on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesser_kudu, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22053/115165887. Lesser kudu are mainly active at night and during the dawn, and seek shelter in dense thickets just after the sunrise. They also have exceptionally large pink ears, which give them excellent hearing. Territorial behavior is nonexistent; no real hierarchical groups have been documented, and fighting only occurs rarely, usually around mating time. Lessers live across a small range in eastern Africa, primarily in Kenya, Somalia, and Ethiopia. Related to buffalo, kudu engage in social licking, which is rare in … Facial … Working ... Wood Badge Kudu Horn for Stephen Holloway of Denver, Colorado - Duration: 4:53. Both the greater kudu and its close cousin, the lesser kudu, have stripes and spots on the body, and most have a chevron of white hair between the eyes. Still, it is pursued for its meat and horns, which can be hollowed out and used as wind instruments or in spiritual rituals. The lesser kudu is vividly marked with 11–15 vertical white stripes, broad chest and throat patches, a nose chevron, and cheek patches. Kudus are herbivorous animals and therefore have a completely vegetarian diet. A black stripe runs from each eye to the nose and a white one from each eye to the center of the dark face. Juvenile males leave their mothers at the age of 1,5 years, and may form pairs. Lesser kudu are striking striped antelope native to the dry lands of northeastern Africa. This. Now more than ever, we need your support. Other threats to the survival of these antelopes include overgrazing, human settlement, and loss of habitat. What is a Kudu. The midday is spent in rest and rumination in shaded areas. These antelopes also eat flowers and fruits if available, and take small proportions of grasses, usually in the wet season. Kudu can be found in eastern and southern parts of the Africa. Appearance. Both sexes have white stripes on their bodies. Like North American white-tailed deer, lesser kudus' tails are brown on top and white underneath and are held upright when the animal flees. Males are also adorned with impressive spiraled horns which will twist 2.5 times and can grow up to 3.5 feet (60 to105 centimeters) long. Two white spots adorn either side of the neck. The lesser kudu is vividly marked with 11–15 vertical white stripes, broad … Females form groups of two or three, but males generally remain solitary, occasionally forming small bachelor groups. Female Lesser Kudu In The Wild. They rarely drink water and seem to get enough liquid from the plants that they eat. They should help you better appreciate your next sighting! Kushukuru was born to first-time mother Rogue and father Garrett in January 2019. Males are pale grey, and females are a bright reddish-brown. The male Lesser Kudu has smaller horns than the Greater Kudu. A large, striped antelope, the lesser kudu is always on the lookout for predators like lions and painted dogs. Kudus are diurnal that means they remain active in the day and sleep at night while during summers they usually prefer to stay hidden at … The dense scrub and bush enable them to protect themselves from predators. Cancel Unsubscribe. Male and female lesser kudu look very different. They inhabit dry, flat, and heavily forested regions, woodlands and hilly areas. Stripes stand out on a grayish-brown coat on males and a reddish-brown coat for females. This is Meringue’s second calf. Large ears allow for enhanced listening abilities and predator detection, and the coloration of lesser kudu is such that when individuals remain motionless they are very difficult to detect in their natural habitat. The Lesser Kudu and the Greater Kudu. The greater kudu does seem to prefer a rugged hillside environment while the lesser kudu … Well-constructed bullets are a necessity when hunting lesser kudu in Africa. The Greater Kudu live in Eastern and Southern Africa. The greater kudu is also generally bigger than the lesser kudu . Diet - what do Kudus eat? Tragelaphus imberbis - Lesser Kudu: Web 334x240 (22kb) Image of: Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu) 861x597 (103kb) Kudu (Tragelaphus sp.) Kudu habitat. Lesser kudu are forest antelopes found in East Africa. However, at the age of 4-5 years, males prefer a solitary lifestyle and avoid one another, though 4-5 bulls may share the same home range. The lesser Kudu is simply a smaller, miniature and very elegant version of the Greater kudu. The greater kudu is considered by many to be the most handsome of the tragelaphine antelopes, which includes the bongo, eland, nyala, bushbuck and sitatunga. The lesser kudu can be a curious antelope and sometimes you may be fortunate enough when hunting lesser kudu in Africa that you can take a shot when they stand still and stare at you. The area around the lips is white, the throat has white patches, and two white spots appear on each side of the lower jaw. The females and juveniles have a reddish-brown coat, while the males become yellowish grey or darker after the age of 2 years. The Lesser Kudu and the Greater Kudu. Overgrazing also presents an issue for lesser kudu. You’ll often hear the word “kudu… Kudu provides customizable digital textbooks with auto-grading online homework and in-class clicker functionality. Lesser kudu live in several national parks. This species has a white stripe running down its back with 11 to 14 stripes coming off it and down the animal's side. Loading... Unsubscribe from Chris Shannon? Educational Activities You Can Do at Home, About the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Lesser Kudu Born at Smithsonian’s National Zoo, #PandaStory: A New Field Trip Destination. On Oct. 14, 2019, Rogue gave birth to a second male lesser kudu. The kudu is one of the most spectacular must-see animals for African wildlife lovers. Seven year old Meringue gave birth to the calf in the afternoon of October 5th, 2020. Lesser kudu are classified as near threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Keepers have named this calf Kaddett. Physical Characteristics Kudus, both the greater kudu and its close cousin the lesser kudu, have stripes and spots on the body, and most have a chevron of … This behavior can make spotting one while on a South African safari a real treat.. Cut back on single-use goods, and find creative ways to reuse products at the end of their life cycle. About one third of the estimated lesser kudu population can be found in protected areas, but the improved management and protection of these areas would offer a more optimal survival prospect for this species. When they detect danger – often using their large, radar-like ears – they give a hoarse alarm bark, then flee with a distinctive, rocking-horse running motion, the male laying back his horns to avoid overhead obstructions. Shyness and the ability of these antelopes to camouflage themselves in dense cover has protected them from the risks of poaching. Greater kudu may be distinguished from a similar species, the lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis), by the presence of a throat mane. For these facts … Largely nocturnal animals, lesser kudu will seek shelter and security in dense thickets by sunrise. She checks the calf's identity by sniffing its rump or neck. The lesser kudu is mainly active at night and during the dawn, and seeks shelter in dense thickets just after the sunrise. They can have a different number of stripes on each side of their body. Little is known about the mating system in Lesser kudu. Lesser kudu are one of the more striking species of antelope. Lesser kudu become sexually mature around 15 to 18 months, but males will not have achieved the social status needed to mate until age four or five. The females and juveniles have a reddish-brown coat, while the males become yellowish grey or darker after the age of 2 years. Other articles where Lesser kudu is discussed: kudu: The lesser kudu stands only about 100 cm (39 inches) high and weighs 92–108 kg (202–238 pounds). Once gravely threatened by the rinderpest virus, their numbers are now rebounding. Are you a student? They don't have a fixed breeding season and births may occur at any time of the year. Males have a prominent black crest of hair on the neck. Greater kudu herds consist of 3 to 10 cows and their young. They are not territorial and fights between individuals are not common. Kudus are a variation of the antelopes residing in dense bush or forest areas. Feeding primarily at dusk and dawn, lesser kudu eat a wide array of leaves, shrubs, twigs, grasses, herbs and roots. If captured by the predator, they give a loud bleat. Female lesser kudus will form small groups of twos or threes; males sometimes form small bachelor groups, but are typically solitary. Both sexes have 6-10 vertical white stripes on their sides, a white chevron between the eyes and three white spots on the cheek below the eye. Listening with its large ears, the kudu barks and flees with its tail up if it detects danger. Lesser kudu are one of the more striking species of antelope. Both males and females become reproductively mature by the time they are 1,5 years old. Facial markings consist of black stripes running from each eye towards the nose, and a white stripe running from each eye to the center of the face. Although local people hunt them for their meat and horns (which are used as music … The major threat to Lesser kudu is uncontrolled hunting by local people. The lesser kudu stands only about 100 cm (39 inches) high and weighs 92–108 kg (202–238 pounds). Shoving matches ensue between males where heads and horns will be pressed together in an attempt to force horns upon the opponent's nape. Orchard grass hay, alfalfa hay and herbivore pellets make up the diet of lesser kudu at the Smithsonian's National Zoo. Both of them live in areas characterized by dense bushes or in the forests. The Lesser Kudu live in Eastern Africa and Kenya and Tanzania.The Greater Kudu live in Eastern and Southern Africa. Reduce, reuse and recycle — in that order! The midday is spent in rest and rumination in shaded areas. When alarmed, they will stand motionless, confirming any danger. The newborn calf weighs 4-7.5 kg (8.8–16.5 lb). The male has long … A female Lesser Kudu, Tragelaphus imberbis, hiding in the shade of an Acacia tree in Tsavo East National Game Park, Kenya. Males have long, spiral horns. Our premium courses are designed for active learning with features like pre-lecture videos and in-class polling questions. The Lesser Kudu live in Eastern Africa and Kenya and Tanzania. The … Horns are present only on males and are dark brown and tipped with white in color. They feed below 1,8 meters. Lesser kudu do not have a throat mane. The Lesser Kudu is 160-175 centimetres (63-69 inches) long and 90-105 centimetres (35-41 inches) tall. An inhabitant of a traditionally dry area, lesser kudu have adapted to be independent of primary water sources, instead hydrating from the moisture collected in leaves. Females and young have a bright rufous coat, which darkens to slate-gray in males. It can camouflageso well in such dense vegetation that only its ears and tail can indicate its presence. The Lesser Kudu is smaller than the Greater Kudu. There are two species of kudu: Lesser Kudu and Greater Kudu. The name found its way into the English language courtesy of the Afrikaans of South Africa.The Afrikaans term ‘koedoe’ is … If kudu sense any approaching predator, they give out a short sharp bark and then make multiple leaps up to 2 m (6.6 ft) high with an upraised tail. The new calf will make his public debut later this fall, weather permitting. These animals avoid open areas and long grass, preferring shaded areas with short grasses, instead. They are a brown … The Greater Kudu is 190-250 centimetres (75-98 inches) long and 100-150 centimetres (39-59 inches) tall. One to three females, along with their offspring, may form a group. Adult males, called bulls, generally live a solitary life, whereas females live in small groups. Lesser kudu reside in the arid and semi-arid areas of northeastern Africa, including parts of Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania. Find resources to engage learners in grades preK-12 with science, the natural world, wildlife and conservation. Lesser kudu are also highly susceptible to the rinderpest outbreaks. Lesser kudu are native to Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Greater Kudu and Lesser Kudu have different distribution patterns. Lesser kudu are forest antelopes found in East Africa. The mother and calf communicate with low bleats. Even when our gates are closed, we are still here, working as always to save species. Lesser kudu are active mainly at night and in the early morning hours, and seek shelter during the day. Around 50% of the calves die within the first 6 months of birth from disease and predation, and only 25% can survive after 3 years.